The roots of peaceful regime change in Hungary reach back to 1956.
In 1989, the unified opposition legitimised by mass demonstrations was able to negotiate free elections: the new parliament convened on 2 May 1990 and the goverment headed by József Antall then continued to change the political system. When the last Soviet soldier left Hungary on 19 June 1991, the goals for which the heroes of 1956 sacrificed so much were finally realised, as Hungary became a free, independent and democratic country.
The Magyar Nemzeti Bank (Central Bank of Hungary) will issue a silver collector coin of exceptionally high denomination, with a face value 30.000 forints entitled „30 Years of Freedom” on 2 May 2020, to honour the 30th anniversary of the first meeting of the National Assembly elected freely for the first time in Hungary. This collector coin aim to raise public awareness of the significance of the political transition in Hungary and the process of how a free, independent, democratic Hungary came into being.
The central motif ont he obverse of the coin stems from an iconic, 1989 election campaign poster by István Orosz, showing the new coat of arms crushing the old one which was valid before 11 July 1990, adapted to the coin’s design. The compulsory elements of collector coins are found int he outer ring on an elevated plane: int he upper legend the lettering „MAGYARORSZÁG” (Hungary), in the lower legend the denomination 30.000 FORINT also referring to the anniversary, to the left, on the horizontal middle line the mint mark „BP” containing a security element, and ont he left the mint year, 2020.
Ont he reverse, the upper field of the coin shows a symbolic scene: four young trees breaking through a brick wall, an allegory of the democratic efforts to break down the system of state socialism and tear it down altogether. The upper legend around the edge „30 ÉVE SZABADON” (Thirty Years of Freedom) refers to the occasion of issuance.
On an elevated plane, the legends below the central motif describe the process of political transition: an alliance of the opposition with strong social support achieved free elections to guarantee a democratic system, leading to Hungary’s independence. The text mark the most significant stages and events of the political transition, with the key dates in nine lines, aligned centre, as follows:
EGYÜTT A SZABADSÁGÉRT (Together for freedom)
KÖZÖS ELLENZÉKI DEMONSTRÁCIÓ (Joint Rally of the Opposition)
1989. március 15.
ELLENZÉKI KEREKASZTAL (Round Table Talks of the Opposition)
1989. március 22.
SZABAD VÁLASZTÁSOK (Free Elections)
1990. március 28. és április 8.
FÜGGETLEN MAGYARORSZÁG (Independent Hungary)
Az utolsó szovjet katona (The last soldier of the Soviet army)
elhagyja az országot (leaves Hungary)
1991. június 19.
The master mark of Balázs Bitó, the coin’s designer, is located on the right, above the collapsing wall.